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lailatul-qadar-1Persiapan Lailatul Qadr tidak bermula pada 10 malam yang akhir, tapi bermula pada malam hari pertama berpuasa Ramadan. Memperbanyakkan NUR dalam diri bermula di awal puasa lagi dalah satu yang dituntut kerana apabila banyak NUR dalam diri, maka di akhir Ramadan, tidak sukar untuk mengenali orang banyak NUR.

Apa itu NUR? NUR adalah petunjuk (taufik), hidayah,  pahala, ikhlas, jujur, dedikasi, tunduk kepada Allah, bersih, taqwa, baik hati, mujahadah,  hati lapang, merendah diri (tawadhu’), ehsan,  berhati-hati (wara’), positif, maaruf, syukur, rahmat, barokah, redha, suka membantu orang, dan pemurah. NUR akan bertambah apabila kita melakukan perkara di bawah ini. Ada sebahagian yang dilakukan ini dengan banyak, makan bertambah NUR dalam diri.

  1. Puasa ada NUR, ia menjernihkan roh, jiwa, emosi, minda, dan perbuatan diri. Lagi banyak berpuasa selain daripada puasa Ramadan, akan bertambah NUR dalam diri kita.
  1. Solat ada NUR, apabila perbanyakkan solat sunat seperti solat taraweeh, solat tahajjud, solat taubah, dan solat witir, selain daripada solat wajib dalam bulan Ramadan, maka semakin banyak NUR dalam tubuh kita.
  1. Air wuduk adalah NUR, air wuduk yang jatuh dari anggota yang diwuduk akan membersihkan dosa kecil dalam diri kita; justeru menambah NUR.
  1. Membanyakkan berzikir dengan beristighfar (astaghfirullah), bertasbih (subhanAllah), bertahmid (alhamdulillah), bertakbir (Allahuakbar) akan menambah NUR dalam tubuh.
  1. Membanyakkan sedeqah akan membersihkan hati dari sifat bakhil, tamak, dan cinta kepada dunia, maka sedeqah termasuk zakat fitrah, akan menambah NUR dalam tubuh badan.
  1. Memberi makan kepada orang buka puasa akan beroleh pahala orang berpuasa, maka NUR akan terus bertambah dalam diri orang yang memberi.
  1. Membanyakkan menolong orang susah, orang miskin dan orang yang memerlukan di bulan Ramadan ini dalam apa jua bentuk akan menambah NUR dalam tubuh badan kita.
  1. Membanyakkkan membaca Al Quran, mahupun mendengar bacaan Al Quran, akan menambah NUR dalam tubuh badan kita.
  1. Membanyakkan solawat atas Nabi akan menambah NUR dalam diri.
  1. Membuat apa sahaja yang maaruf, maka akan bertambah NUR dalam diri.

Apabila banyak NUR dalam diri, maka NAR akan berkurangan dan NAR menjadi lemah dalam diri. NUR boleh melemahkan dan memadam NAR.

Apa itu NAR? NAR ialah gelap, sesat, dosa, khianat, malas, sombong, takabbur, kotor, durhaka, lemah, sombong, ‘ujub, tidak peduli, maksiat, negatif, tidak bersyukur, tidak redha, hati gelisah selalu, dengki, tamak,mungkar, haloba, dan hasad.

Apabila banyak NAR dalam diri, maka diri akan lebih dekat dan mudah terdedah kepada syaitan atau sifat syaitan. Banyak NAR dalam diri bermakna kualiti diri merosot. Banyak NAR dalam diri bermakna lebih mudah terkena gangguan atau pengaruh jin dan syaitan termasuk sihir.

Puasa Ramadan adalan bulan ibadah latihan untuk menambah NUR dalam diri bagi melemahkan dan memadam NAR. 10 Ramadan pertama adalah rahmat, 10 malam kedua adalah keampunan, dan 10 malam akhir adalah pelepasan dari siksa api neraka. Orang yang banyak melakukan perbuatan yang menambah NUR dari awal Ramadan lebih beruntung kerana “bilangan  dan saiz” NUR lebih banyak  dan lebih besar serta lebih kuat.

Malam Qadr adalam anugerah Allah kepada hamba-hambaNya yang banyak NUR. Yang banyak NUR akan lebih “dekat” dengan Allah dari mereka yang kurang NUR. Maka marilah kita banyakkan NUR dalam diri kita dari awal Ramadan tanpa henti hingga hari akhir puasa Ramadan kali. Semoga kita terpilih mendapat anugerah malam Qadr, insya Allah. Amin.

Lailatul Qadar lebih baik dari 1000 bulan

Allah Ta’ala berfirman,

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

“Malam kemuliaan itu lebih baik dari seribu bulan.” (QS. Al Qadar: 3). An Nakho’i mengatakan, “Amalan di lailatul qadar lebih baik dari amalan di 1000 bulan.” (Lihat Latho-if Al Ma’arif, hal. 341). Mujahid, Qotadah dan ulama lainnya berpendapat bahwa yang dimaksud dengan lebih baik dari seribu bulan adalah shalat dan amalan pada lailatul qadar lebih baik dari shalat dan puasa di 1000 bulan yang tidak terdapat lailatul qadar. (Zaadul Masiir, 9: 191).

Selamat menjalani puasa Ramadan yang mulia, semoga diberkati dan dirahmati serta mendapat keampunan dari Allah SWT. Lakukanlah segalanya kerana mencari redha Allah semata-mata.

Sekian. Wasalam

Alfakir Supyan
5 Jun 2016

 

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Please click here  Innovation in Pedagogical Delivery using Telegram in Language Courses 2016  for the PDF file

 

 

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Click here for  Online games for language learning and acquisition for PDF file

2ND E-LEARNING COLLOQUIUM, 1st June 2016 (Wednesday). Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Nilai, Negeri Sembilan.

Organized by

Pusat Pembelajaran Akses Terbuka Global, Teknologi Imersif dan Jaminan Kualiti/
Centre for Global Open Access Learning, Immersive Technology and Quality Assurance (GOAL-ITQAN) USIM

telegramWhat is Telegram?

Telegram is a mobile application that allows users to communicate among them using mobile gadget and computer. Find out more about Telegram at https://telegram.org/. You can also download and install the app into your  smartphone, PC, Laptop, IPad,  or Tab.

Why do I choose Telegram for teaching and learning?

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Whatsapp is my first mobile communication app  that I use in my smartphone. I also use Viber that has similar facilities that Whatsapp has.

I have been using Whatsapp and Viber to communicate
with family members, friends, and general people. A bonus about these two apps is that I can call people overseas using  the phone facility in both Whatssap and Viber viberwithout paying any cents.

However, for the purpose of teaching and learning, I prefer to use Telegram in my courses for the following reasons:

  1. Multiple platforms: smartphone (OS, Android), PC, Laptop, IPad, Tab, Web
  2. Compatible file format: jpg, audio, movie, pdf, excel, word, powerpoint
  3. Large files transfer
  4. Grouping facilities: 1000 members, access to old/past messages, members add members
  5. Better storage capacity and management
  6. Better memory system and management
  7. Better security with the encryption

The first two reasons are the most important for me as a teacher. I can run Telegram easily on my laptop when I engage with my students for a blended learning mode and flipped learning  mode. All incoming and outgoing postings or messages that are posted can be displayed on multiple platforms concurrently.

I believe that learning process does not stop within the four walls of a classroom. The learning process can be extended outside the classroom. They can still engage in the learning process in the Telegram as they are interacting with the the teacher and among them.

Some people asked if there is any learning engagement and leaning time when I use Telegram. The answer is YES. All postings made by my students and I are recorded on the phone screen. An analysis of frequency on students’ postings/responses and  the amount of each student’s writing can be carried out to assess and monitor his or her performance in the course.

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I started to use Telegram in my courses at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in early September 2014, and later conducted a 5-day workshop on Guest Lecture Series Program at Yogyakarta State University in October 2014 https://jsuworkshop.wordpress.com/. Between 2015-2016, I had conducted 4 workshops on how to use Telegram for teaching and learning at UKM, and one at the SOLLsINTEC 2015 at UKM  https://sollsintec2015.wordpress.com/category/g-conference-schedule/

 

How do I use Telegram in my teaching and learning?

I use Telegram to conduct a flipped learning mode before the class meeting, during the class meting, and after the class meeting. How do I run  the flipped learning? Before the class meeting, I would rather post something for them to read or ponder to prepare themselves mentally and emotionally on the selected topic. Sometime they are asked to provide responses immediately in Telegram. This pre-learning activity will trigger and reactivate their schema, i.e., existing knowledge, and therefore, increase students’ interest and awareness so that they are ready for the face-to-face class meeting. When they come to the class,  they will be guided in a discussion on the posted messages in Telegram, and later engage in a problem solving activity  that will reinforce what they have learned  before the class and during first hour of the class.

I can use Telegram when I cannot meet my student in class especially when I am not on campus for other academic activities such as attending seminars, workshops, and meetings. Thus, I do not need to cancel my class if I cannot meet my students on campus due to other academic  activities or bad weather conditions. This is called blended learning whereby the teaching and learning activities will take place synchronously and asynchronously in a virtual mobile platform.

I have been using Telegram for the following teaching and learning activities

  1. Announcement
  2. Forum – whole class discussion
  3. Quizzes
  4. Open ended question
  5. Group project report
  6. Listening practice
  7. Pronunciation practice
  8. Speaking practice
  9. Writing practice
  10. Audio input/feedback
  11. Video input/feedback
  12. Problem solving
  13. Content/materials sharing
  14. PowerPoint presentation

I find interacting with students using Telegram is faster and easier compared to using web-based forum.

The following slideshow illustrates how I used Telegram in a language proficiency course.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

An action research was carried out in the language proficiency course at the end of the semester. Here are the results what were presented at a Research Seminar in Penang 21-22 October 2015.

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Clikck here for the workshop note: Literature Review 2016

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