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Cuba anda baca karangan ini. Longhat atau dialek negeri manakah agaknya bunyi bahasa dalam karangan ini? Apakah pelajar ini pelajar sekolah rendah atau sekolah menengah? Bagaimanakah agaknya cara yang sesuai bagi guru kepada pelajar tersebut untuk tangani hal berkenaan? Ini baru satu pelajar. Apa jadi bila ada ramai pelajar yang menulis begini?

Sumber grafik dari FB Syzana

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Writing an essay can be a difficult task to some students. Persuasive Essay Builder, a form of computer-assisted writing tool,  may be a good tool for students to follow a step-by-step process to write an essay.  However,  before students this tool, perhaps the best thing to do is to outline their ideas or to create a mind map of their ideas about the essay. Then, doing a freewriting exercise of the sketchy essay would help them to use this tool more effectively.

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Each section in a research proposal or thesis requires certain conventions that we need to prepare. We also need to know the structure of the content, the flow of the arguments, and level of adequacy for the content in each section. The amount of the content may vary from one research another and the length of the paper too may vary from one study to another. However, there are certain expectations that you need to meet. Examples:
  • A research proposal for MA or Ph.D.15-30 pages
  • Undergraduate thesis 90-150 pages
  • MA thesis 180-250 pages
  • Ph.D. thesis 250-400 pages
  • In general, a thesis will have 5 chapters. However, depending on the nature of the research, a thesis may have 6 or 7 chapters
Different universities may have different formats in terms of main headings and sub headings, numbering system, and referencing format. Consult our own university graduate school’s requirement for the correct format.
For more tips, please these sitess:

Sample research proposals:

Sample review of  the proposals

http://gravlee.org/ang5091/proposals/wutich_reviews.pdf

Proposal forFullbright Scholar

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Visit these excellent sites to learn, relearn and/or recall some of the grammar rules and mechanics of writing to polish up your essay.

more to come….

MS Word offers spell checker and grammar checker to check your writing. However, there are other grammar checker software that are available forfree for a certain period of time. One of them is “Ginger Software” at

You can download and install it in your computer, and use it to check your writing. Another grammar tool is:

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Some people just don’t know how and where  to start writing when they are asked to write a paper  or about a topic. Their mind goes blank. They become speechless. They are not sure what to write. They are confused, scared, angry, guilty, and helpless.  When they write, they do pre-mature editing in between sentences and paragraphs. This is what we called writer’s block or writing apprehension. How to overcome this apprehension so that we can still produce something in our writing? Besides, outlining, mind mapping, and brainstorming, we can start with FREEWRITING. What is freewriting? Watch these videos.

What is the next step after you do freewriting?

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When your write your term paper or thesis or research paper, you need to follow certain formats: MLA, AP, or Chicago. UKM has its own specific format. Please refer to the “GayaUKM”, a book published by Graduate Management Center (PPS). The format for the reference section may slightly vary from APA.

APA style: http://inspekawriting.wordpress.com/2013/12/10/apa-format-citations-references/

MLA style: http://supyanphd.wordpress.com/2013/12/11/mla-format-citations-and-references/

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You can refer to some other sites for sample organization of essays, terms papers, and research papers. You can download some of the papers for your reference but REMEMBER! PLAGIARISM is an academic offense.

 

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Many students have problems with how to do literature review and how to write literature review.  Some tips:

  • What to look for? journals, books, seminar papers, thesis, monographs, technical research reports
  • Where to look for? online and offline; e-library and library
  • How old is the literature? The rule of thumb says it should be less than 10 years old, but for technology related papers, it should be less than 5 years old. Classical materials should be more 20-30 years of age.
  • How to write? The review should be divided into 2 parts: theoretical discussion (theories, models, approaches) and past studies (research reports)

You can watch following videos for further understanding of these 2 issues

An overview of Literature Review

Part 1 Writing literature review

Part 2 Writing literature review

Part 3 Writing literature review

Part 1 Writing literature review

Part 2 Writing literature review

Part 3 Writing literature review

Do’s and Don’t in Literature Review

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