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Visit this excellent site that offers you to practice  speaking English correctly. If you are an English language teacher, you can use this site to train your students to articulate English words correctly with appropriate intonation of the words in the sentences.

englishspeak

You can also download this mobile apps from Google Play and train yourself or your students to practice and improve their articulation of words and sentences in English correctly.

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Meaningful understanding of a language is an outcome of the interaction of three elements: grapho-phonemic, syntax, and semantic. Grapho-phonemic: ability to recognize the text and sound of the words. Syntax: ability to construct sentences grammatically. Semantic: ability to use correct word choices, correct intonation patterns, and correct grammar in appropriate contexts. Technology can help language learners to enhance their mastery of the target language.
  • In audio-lingual method, language lab, audio cassette, and CD/DVD are excellent tools.
  • In communicative approach, TV, videos and now YouTube are great tools.
  • In eclectic approach, MULTIMEDIA PLATFORM that combines texts, audios, videos, graphics, and animations constructed in structured and integrated lessons in websites and mobile apps IS A MARVELOUS TOOL

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4 types of Apps in Mobile Environment (Supyan Hussin. 2017. Nano Workshop: KNovasi in Teaching and Learning, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. 15 Feb 2017)

1. Mobile Apps (general applications)
2. Mobile Learning (ML) apps (for learning purpose, minimal interaction)
3. Mobile-Assisted Learning (MAL) apps (have 2 important criteria: individualized instruction and bidirectional and have 2-4 pedagogical procedures for specific subjects)
4. Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) apps (have 2 important criteria: individualized instruction and bidirectional and has 4 pedagogical procedures for language subject only)

My Assessment

English Conversation is a Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) app for listening, reading, and pronunciation/speaking. It meets 2 important criteria: individualized instruction (un/structured lessons, different levels of challenges , and bidirectional (feedback, progress report). It consists of 1. Demo, 2. Drills. 3. Assessment . Categorized as an “excellent” program for in-class, individual, pair, group activities; as well as Self-Directed Learning for outside classroom

English Grammar is a Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) app for writing and grammar enrichment. It meets 2 important criteria: individualized instruction (un/structured lessons, different levels of challenges , and bidirectional (feedback, progress report). It consists of 1. Concepts 2. Demo, 3. Drills. 4. Assessment
Categorized as an “excellent” program for in-class, individual, pair, group activities; as well as Self-Directed Learning for outside classroom.

 

English Grammar – an excellent MALL (Mobile-Assisted Language Learning) app. It starts with assessment, provides feedback performance, then introduces the concepts, followed by demos and drills, and finally, test again. However the intro and demo of concepts are not comprehensive. This MALL app can be used for SDL, life-long learning and enrichment program, either in class or outside class, or both. It has reading comprehension materials, grammar materials, tenses, and vocabulary building materials as well as vocabulary for speaking

Teach Me Anatomy, an excellent MAL (Mobile-assisted Learning) app. It is good for medical, science, nursing, and pharmacy students. It offers 1. Concepts 2. Guides 3. Drill-practices 4. Assessment. It also provides feedback and progress report of users’ performance. It can be used as supplemental materials for SDL approach or F2F class meeting or both.

 

Psychology Book – A mobile learning app with unidirectional mode. Offers SDL (self-directed learning) exercises. No interaction. No feedback. No progress report. Good for reference. It is not a MAL (mobiles-assisted learning) app.

Culinary Cooking Essentials – A Mobile Learning app that offers concepts/ideas (dictionary) and demos/examples (recipes, videos). No drill exercises, no feedback, no progress report. Unidirectional approach in teaching. A good reference app for culinary subject for Technical and Vocational students

 

Quantum, a mobile-assisted learning offers learning materials including concepts, demos, drill-practice (tests) and progress report. This app is “good” for novice physics learners. Most ML or MAL apps are independent of web once you installed them into your smartphone.

Hydraulic Cylinder. This is a mobile app, like a calculator. It is only a tool that help users to solve mathematical problems for hydraulic -related matters. Engineering students can use this tool to master the concepts and formulas that they had learned in the class. It is good for reinforcement of learning. It is not a mobile learning app nor a mobile-assisted learning app. It doesn’t have 1. Concepts 2. Guides 3. Drills or 4. Tests.

This World History Quick e-Book mobile app is categorized as Mobile Learning app, and it is not a Mobile-assisted learning app. It presents information (concepts/ideas) in one way. Still, the content is very comprehensive; therefore, it is good for reference. This ML app is like an encyclopedia. No drill-exercise, no assessment. No feedback, No progress report.

Complete chemistry is a mobile-learning (ML) app, not Mobile-assisted learning app (MAL). It contains 1. Concepts and 2. Demo. It does not have any drill-exercise nor assessment. No interaction. No feedback. No progress report. Categorized as a “fair” package. One-way “learning”, not “two-way” or bidirectional.

Complete Physics is a Mobile-assisted learning (MAL) containing 1. Concepts, 2. Demo, 3. Drills, and 4.Tests. However, the package does not provide progress report. Categorized as “very good” mobile-assisted learning apps. Can be used for self-directed learning outside classroom to enhance understanding and skills.

English Idioms is a Mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) app for grammar, syntax, speaking. It meets 2 important criteria: individualized instruction (un/structured lessons, different levels of challenges , and bidirectional (feedback, progress report). It consists of 1. Test, 2. Drills. 3. Demo. Categorized as a “good” program. However. the instructional design of this package is not very good. Still the content of this MALL can be used in-class for individual, pair, group activities; as well as Self-Directed Learning for outside classroom

If we can differentiate Mobile apps, Mobile learning apps, and Mobile-assisted learning (MAL), then we know what is best for our students. Later, we ask students to download and install the best MAL packages into their HP. Once installed, there is no need for printed copies; eventually, we save more trees around us globally. Let’s go mobile, go digital.

17022138_1256991624356308_8226963686601135535_nElectrical symbol, a Mobile learning app.

17103736_1256990651023072_1644543696785897268_nElectrical study, a Mobile-Assisted Learning (MAL) app 17021568_1256990074356463_6221147009377218525_n Electrical calculations, a Mobile app, tool to computer

17098299_1256989704356500_671817797327488275_nLearn Electrical wiring, a Mobile app, tutorial only

 

Note: More assessments will be posted in my FB supyanukm hussin

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Know the difference among these terms?
1. Mobile Apps (general applications)
2. Mobile Learning (ML) apps (for learning purpose, minimal interaction)
3. Mobile-Assisted Learning (MAL) apps (have 2 important criteria: individualized instruction and bidirectional and have 2-4 pedagogical procedures for specific subjects)
4. Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) apps (have 2 important criteria: individualized instruction and bidirectional and has 4 pedagogical procedures for language subject only)
Nano Workshop at KNovasi in Teaching and Learning on 15 Feb 2017 UKM

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medicalcanonavicennna

Perubatan Islam sering disalahtafsirkan dengan meletakkannya dalam kotak dikotomi: perubatan Islam atau perubatan moden? Perubatan Islam atau Allopathy?

Perubatan Islam juga sering disalahtafsirkan dengan anggapan sebelum dan semasa rawatan diberikan mesti dibacakan ayat-ayat Quran dan doa-doa.

Perubatan moden pula dianggap bukan perubatan Islam atas alasan ia tidak mengamalkan bacaan ayat-ayat Quran dan doa-doa. Rawatan psikitri ke atas pesakit mental juga dianggap bukan perubatan Islam kerana alasan yang sama. Begitu juga dengan rawatan fisioterpai tidak dimasukkan di bawah kategori perubatan Islam. Lebih mengelirukan bila perubatan alternatif seperti homeopathy, akupuntur, dan kiiropratik serta perubatan etnik seperti seng seng atau ayuverda serta tradisional seperti bekam,, refleksologi dan urut juga tidak dianggap perubatan Islam.

Jadi, apakah sebenarnya perubatan Islam? Bukankah sejarah tamadun Islam telah membuktikan sumbangan Islam yang besar dalam bidang perubatan moden begitu terserlah sekali berlaku ketika Eropah menghadapi zaman gelapnya atau the Dark Ages of Europe (476–800 ce) ?

Bukankah Zaman Keemasan Islam (the Islamic Golden Age) yang berlaku di antara tahun 750 hingga 1258 masihi telah merakamkan sumbangan cendekiawan Islam dalam pelbagai disiplin termasuk bidang perubatan?

Apakah kita tidak pernah mendengar nama tokoh perubatan Islam seperti Jabir Ibnu Hayyan (721-766M), Hunayn Ibnu Ishaq (810-878M), Thabit Ibnu Qurah (838-901M), Abu Yusof Ibnu Ishaq al-Kindi (809-873M), Abu Ali Al-Hussain Ibn Abdullah Ibn Sina (980 -1037 M), dan Abu Bakar Muhammad bin Zakaria al-Razi (825-965 M)?

Hari ini bidang disiplin ilmu perubatan sudah diterima oleh masyarakat dunia tanpa membezakan ilmu perubatan itu bersandarkan sumbangan ilmu Islam atau bukan Islam, tetapi dikenali sebagai perubatan moden atau kontemporari.

Jadi, apakah definisi Perubatan Islam? Apak skopnya? Sebelum kita melihat jawapannya, kita harus akui bahawa perubatan Islam telah bermula selepas kenabian Muhamamad s.a.w. dan mula berkembang di abad ke-2 hingga abad ke-7 Hijrah. Bermula AMALAN PENGUBATAN yang dilakukan dan diajarkan oleh Nabi Muhammad s.a.w dan seterusnya di amalkan oleh para sahabat serta disampaikan kepada generasi seterusnya. Melalui peringkat yang sama dalam proses pembinaan ilmu perubatan telah berkembang dan melahirkan para cendekiawan Islam yang disebutkan di atas serta sumbangan ilmu perubatan Islam dalam perubatan moden.

Definisi perubatan Islam ialah “pada dasarnya, semua ilmu dan amalan, termasuk ilmu perubatan dan amalan pengubatan yang membawa kepada kebaikan dan kesejahteraan manusia adalah dianggap sebahagian daripada perubatan Islam selagi mana ia tidak bercanggah dengan syarak.” (Supyan Hussin 2015, Yogyakarta).

Skop perubatan Islam pula ialah rawatan yang diberikan hendaklah patuh syariah (syariah compliance) dari sudut kaedah rawatan dan bahan rawatan. Maka dengan itu perubatan moden atau perubatan kontemporari, perubatan alternatif, perubatan komplementari dan pengubatan tradisional adalah termasuk dalam kategori perubatan Islam selagai mana ia patuh syariah.

Perubatan moden juga boleh dikategorikan sebagai perubatan Islam melainkan kaedah atau bahan yang digunakan bercanggah dengan ajaran Islam. Khidmat rawatan hospital dan klinik juga dianggap di bawah kategori perubatan Islam, melainkan kaedah atau bahan yang digunakan bercanggah dengan ajaran Islam.

Apa yang menarik dalam perubatan Islam ini terdapat satu nic iaitu Perubatan Komplementari Islam  yang dianggap sebagai salah satu Perubatan Komplementari (PK). Konsep komplementari ialah melengkapkan rawatan yang sudah diberikan ke atas pesakit. Ia bukan bersaing dengan perubatan lain dan bukan juga alternatif kepada perubatan lain.

Ringkasnya PKI adalah satu khidmat rawatan komplementari yang menggunakan bukan sahaja kaedah ruqyah syari’ieyah semata-mata tetapi juga kaedah menggunakan flora, fauna, air, garam, dan metal. Tidak dinafikan perubatan moden telah memproses dan mempakejkan sumber fflora, fauna, air, dan garam dalam bentuk ubat berbentuk pil, kapsul, dan cecair supaya mudah dimakan atau ditelan oleh pesakit.

Falsafah perubatan Islam meletakkan aqidah atau keTuhanan sebagai perkara paling utama di mana Allah adalah Maha Pencipta, Maha Pelindung, Maha Penyembuh, dan Maha Pemberi Rezki. Ini mungkin berbeza dengan falsafah perubatan moden. Tetapi perbahasan tentang falsafah perubatan Islam atau moden adalah tidak perlu kerana perbezaaan keduanya adalah jelas dan tidak kabur. Perawat termasuk doktor Islam yang mempunyai tasawwur Islam yang syumul dan aqidah Islamiyyah yang jelas mampu menjelmakan falsafah perubatan Islam dalam melaksanakan tugasnya.

Kesimpulannya tidak perlu ada perdebatan dikotomi perubatan Islam dan perubatan bukan Islam, atau perubatan Islam dan perubatan moden atau allopathy.

Supyan Hussin. Pendidikan Perubatan  Islam Komplementari dalam Masyarakat Awam Malaysia. Kertas dibentangkan di International Conference on Local Knowledge (ICLK) 2015 “Local Knowledge: Axis of Global Knowledge” Grand Hotel Lembang, Bandung, Indonesia 14th – 16th October 2015

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